Bio-inspired 3D Printed Programmable Material Systems
Programmable 3D-printed material systems are sustainable architectural elements made from bio-plastics that can physically move and transform in response to climatic changes without the use of electronic or mechanical components. Based on bio-inspired design strategies, these novel architectural systems use 3D printing processes to build material systems that are highly in-tune with changing weather conditions. Without the need of failure-prone sensors or controllers, these systems operate differently from conventional engineering systems. Much like a pine cone or other hygroscopically actuated mechanisms found in biology, the 3D printed components operate as climate responsive surfaces whereby a simple material element performs as sensor, actuator, and regulator.
David Correa is a Canadian designer, doctoral candidate and instructor at the Institute for Computational Design (ICD) at the University of Stuttgart. At the ICD, David Correa is leading the research field of Bio-inspired 3D Printed Hygroscopic Programmable Material Systems. His research investigates the physiological relation of information intensive technologies with architectural practice and material production, with critical focus on the computational development and digital fabrication of climate responsive material systems. As a designer in both architecture and commercial digital media, David's professional work engages multiple disciplines, design scales, and environments - ranging from dense urban settings to remote regions with extreme climates.