Jim is a research engineer working with autonomous driving systems at TomTom. His primary interests lie in the perception, localization, and mapping aspects of self-driving technology. He has a master's in electrical engineering from the Technical University of Denmark, and a bachelor's from National Institute of Technology Karnataka, India. His master's thesis addresses the localization issues faced by a planetary rover when navigating in a symmetrical and featureless environment such as the one on the surface of Mars. It was concluded in 2016 at the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence in Bremen, Germany.